Let’s take a quick look at ten new age technologies that are fuelled by or almost fully based on open source.
Today’s technologies seamlessly combine machine-like accuracy and agility with human-like learning and evolution. Open source has played a vital role in the development of these technologies that promise to rule the world in the years to come. Ten new age technologies that are based on open source, which we will rely a lot on, are briefly listed here.
1. AI or artificial intelligence
AI or artificial intelligence In simple words, AI refers to the intellectual intelligence of smart machines in areas like problem-solving, taking decisions, human-like comprehension and perception. As opposed to their conventional counterparts that just follow instructions and execute as programmed, AI-powered machines can not only take instance-based decisions but also gain more efficiency and capabilities over a period of time.
AI includes reactive AI, and machines with limited memory, mind theory and self-awareness. Though work on the concept began in the 1960s, it was in 2006 that the term gained popularity. Today AI is used in one way or the other across different sectors like banking and finance, retail, government and healthcare, among others.
2. DevOps or development and operations
DevOps refers to different tools and practices that combine software development and
operations – hence, the name DevOps. It works in the areas of software development and IT operations by automating production and deployment processes between them to significantly speed up tasks, eliminate execution discrepancies and delays, and thus enhance the organisation’s IT productivity. DevOps works throughout the entire SDLC (software development life cycle). As compared to the conventional infrastructure management process and development methods, DevOps can help improve products at a quick speed due to its robust architecture.
3. IoT or Internet of Things
IoT or Internet of Things refers to a system equipped with sophisticated software, sensors and various high-end technologies. IoT seamlessly connects with a massive number of computing devices, machines and digital devices over communication/internet connections across the globe. It enables seamless data exchange between those devices. Open source is the vital enabler of IoT platforms and processes. In simple terms, IoT creates a communication system between different devices to boost their performance and applications.
4. Cyber security methods
Cyber security has become a huge challenge in the modern data-enabled era. With the
help of powerful open source based cyber security methods, the probability, frequency and magnitude of cyber attacks can be remarkably reduced. These methods focus on providing failsafe protection against unauthorised system/network exploitation by threat actors or bots.
5. AR/VR or augmented reality/virtual reality
AR or augmented reality refers to the interactive experience brought about by the strategic use of digital audio/video elements. VR or virtual reality refers to simulating real-life scenes so sophisticatedly that a user feels fully immersed in the surroundings. It is achieved through advanced computer modelling, 3D visuals and a finely simulated environment. There are three broad types of VR — non-immersive, semi-immersive and fully-immersive. While AR works in a real-world setting and can be experienced on a mobile device, VR is fully virtual in nature and you will require a headset to experience it. While VR works on an entirely virtual model, AR enhances both spheres — real and virtual.
6. Cloud computing
Cloud computing enables storage of massive volumes of data across multiple, globally-accessible remote servers rather than a centralised storage device like a hard drive. This data is accessible through the net, and can be monitored, managed, accessed, shared across different stakeholders in real-time. It utilises middleware to establish flawless, real-time connectivity between devices and computers. Though it has become popular only recently, its history goes back to 1960 when it was first invented by Joseph Carl Robnett. Cloud computing can further be divided into other types like IaaS, PaaS and SaaS.
7. Full stack development
Full stack development refers to the backend (server-side) and frontend (client side) areas of web applications. A full stack developer can be compared
to an all-rounder when it comes to front- and back-end development, as well as debugging and database management of any web application. The training for such a developer is hard but comes with high rewards due to wider career opportunities, better remuneration and good career prospects. Developers in this field need good professional knowledge of UI/UX management, graphics design and other skills.
8. Big Data and analytics
To gain the maximum value out of data, you need to extract, structure, categorise and analyse it. Big Data and analytics make it easier to analyse massive amounts of diverse sets of data from multiple sources. They track different platforms for diverse types of data — structured, semi-structured, and unstructured. Big Data and analytics also assist organisations with purpose-built tools/mechanisms for data extraction, storage, and analysis to get logical insights. Businesses use it to understand correlations, current market trends and different types of patterns.
Robotics is a multi-disciplinary field of engineering and computer science that includes all the tasks related to it like conception, design and manufacturing, and operations. It also involves strategic implementation of robots for meeting specific objectives. It enhances IoT services by collecting data, as well as understanding and manipulating movements. Robotics proactively assists human beings perform highly complicated, risky and humongous tasks with the help of robots.
10. Blockchain technology
Blockchain is a fully decentralised digital ledger, which is publicly distributed with a massive amount of encrypted blocks for recording various transactions in a trackable format. It uses sophisticated mechanisms to ensure maximum transparency and security to fully eliminate centralised control of information. These include
cryptography, time stamps and chronically organised transaction data. Blockchain developers should be familiar with data structures, networking and cryptography. It facilitates P2P transactions for exchanging funds, information and other vital data.
The ten new age technologies briefly described above help institutions and individuals to extend their operational skills, knowledge, productivity and working speed, and are already transforming many fields. They have all been built on open source and signify the power of sharing.